Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
MENEZES-CABRAL, Roberto Luiz; SILVA-DANTAS, Paulo Moreira; MONTENEGRO-NETO, Asdrúbal Nóbrega and KNACKFUSS, Maria Irany. Effects of differerent types of training and life styles on anthropometric and cardiocirculatory markers in aging. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.3, pp. 359-369. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642009000300005.
Objective The aim of this experimental study was to compare the effects of different forms of training and life styles on hemodynamic markers, cardiac capacity, Waist-to-Hip Ratio-WHR and Body Mass Index-BMI in elders, between 60-69 years, of both sexes. Materials and Methods The sample was composed of elders, between 60-69 years, of both sexes: masculine N=159 and feminine N=157. They were divided into three groups: experimental 1: n=53 (masculine) and n=51 (feminine) activity: cardio respiratory endurance; experimental 2: n=53 (masculine) and n=53 (feminine) activity: resistance training with Local Muscle ResistanceRML; control group: n=53 (masculine) and n=53 (feminine) who didn´t practice any regular physical activity, considered sedentary. The variables investigated were BMI, WHR, Cardiac Frequency at rest, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure, Mean Blood Pressure and Double Product. The data analysis was descriptive and inferential and comparisons were performed between groups and inter groups. The data collected in this study and the hypothesis test showed the benefits of physical activity on the selected parameters for observation. Results It was demonstrated the existence of significative difference (p<0.05) in the studied variables. Conclusions There is a need for adherence in broad-spectrum physical activity in elders.
Keywords : Health care; exercise; life style.