Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
AGUDELO-SUAREZ, Angela N and VILLAMIL-JIMENEZ, Luis C. Valuating public health in some zoos in Colombia. Phase 1: designing and validating instruments. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.5, pp. 774-783. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642009000500010.
Objective Designing and validating instruments for identifying public health problems in some zoological parks in Colombia, thereby allowing them to be evaluated. Methods Four instruments were designed and validated along with the participation of five zoos. The instruments were validated regarding appearance, content, sensitivity to change, reliability tests and determining the tools' usefulness. An evaluation scale was created which assigned a maximum of 400 points, having the following evaluation intervals: 350-400 points meant good public health management, 100-349 points for regular management and 0-99 points for deficient management. The instruments were applied to the five zoos as part of the validation, forming a base-line for future evaluation of public health in them. Results Four valid and useful instruments were obtained for evaluating public health in zoos in Colombia. The five zoos presented regular public health management. The base-line obtained when validating the instruments led to identifying strengths and weaknesses regarding public health management in the zoos. Conclusions The instruments obtained generally and specifically evaluated public health management; they led to diagnosing, identifying, quantifying and scoring zoos in Colombia in terms of public health. The base-line provided a starting point for making comparisons and enabling future follow-up of public health in Colombian zoos.
Keywords : Public health; validation study; animal; Zoo; Colombia.