SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.11 issue6Agreement between three definitions of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patientsA multilevel analysis of tuberculosisassociated factors author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Joana D'Arc de Souza; ALVES, Maria do Socorro da Costa Feitosa  and  MIRANDA, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes de. Occupational risks in a hospital environment: a challenge for workers' health. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.6, pp. 909-917. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642009000600007.

Objective This study was aimed at analysing health workers' social representations concerning occupational risks. Methods The study adopted a qualitative approach using social representation theory; it was carried out with doctors, nurses and dentists from a Natal/RN-BR hospital dealing with emergencies. A semi-structured interview was used for data collection using the following question for interviewee orientation, “What do occupational hazards mean to you?” The data was analysed by Alceste software based on a dendogram generating four classes containing statements by the subjects who were interviewed. Results Hazard in the work environment prevailed in class 1. Four words became evident: disease (chi-square=78.8), irreversible (chi-square=50.6), accident (chisquare= 45.7) and contract (chi-square=43.4). Class 2 was organised around four significant elements: depression (chi-square=65.7), excessive (chi-square=54.6), stress (chi-square=53.3) and overload (chi-square=26.6). Class 3 related cause and effect in the workplace. The four words listed here involved classic hazard agents: ergonomic (chi-square=74.5), chemicals (chi-square=66), organic (chi-square=60.9) and physical (chi-square=53.8). Class 4 highlighted the 4 most significant words related to the theme: policy (chi-square=25.7), manager (chi-square=16.1), security (chi-square=15.7) and health (chi-square=11.8). Conclusions This group of workers showed discontentment with unhealthy and unsafe hospital working conditions and a lack of health policy in the workplace must be understood within an overall health policy context.

Keywords : Occupational health; occupational hazard; emergency hospital service.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in Portuguese     · pdf in Portuguese