Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
PATINO-VILLADA, Fredy A.; ARANGO-VELEZ, Elkin F.; QUINTERO-VELASQUEZ, Mario A and ARENAS-SOSA, Mónica M.. Cardiovascular risk factors in an urban Colombia population. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.3, pp.433-445. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642011000300006.
Objective Evaluating the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in an urban population aged 25 to 50 in Santa Rosa de Osos, Antioquia, Colombia, during 2009. Determining the population attributable risk percentage (PARP) for coronary heart disease risk factors. Materials and Methods A prevalence study was conducted; two-stage random sampling was made of 357 people without known cardiovascular disease. A pre-designed survey was administered to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors; total cholesterol, low and high density lipoproteins, triglycerides and glucose were measured in blood and blood pressure, waist circumference and weight were also measured.Results The most important cardiovascular risk factors were physical inactivity (56.6 %), central obesity (52.7 %), dyslipidaemia (35.3 %), smoking (19 %), metabolic syndrome (19.6 %) and obesity according to body mass index (17.4 %). Risk factors having the highest PARP were hypertension (17.1 %), total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein index (16.4 %) and physical inactivity (15.7 %). Conclusion A high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was found; this may lead to increased cardiovascular disease in the medium- and long-term.
Keywords : Prevalence; risk factor; cardiovascular disease.