Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
URIBE-BUSTOS, Xiomara and AGUDELO-CALDERON, Carlos. Physical inactivity and risk factors: constructing an explanatory model in Bogota. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.4, pp. 597-609. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642011000400005.
Objective Determining factors associated with the 25-50 year-old population's physical inactivity in Bogota, Colombia (urban area) and, thereby, defining an explanatory model. Methods A sample of 1,600 adults which had been characterised in 2004 using the long international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ-L) was used; overall physical activity prevalence was measured and discrim inated by domain. Logistic regression models were used for determining associated factors. Results This research found that 43.8 % of the adult population were inactive (55.6 % regarding mode of transport, 53.6 % the home, 48.8 % leisure time and 32.2 % being work-related). The model had related factors such as working during the past seven days, working, studying and being aged 25 to 40 years old and perception of leading a healthy life. Domestic activities were related to being a woman and educational level (no preschool and/or high school education) regarding very good, good and regular state of health. Leisure time was related to being physically active, not having a stable partner, not smoking and observing that other people were physically active in their home area. Hard work and combining study and work were associated with the work-related domain. Conclusions Future public healthcare action should be based on factors associated with overall physical activity and domains, thereby allowing the most appropriate specific physical activity determinants to be understood.
Keywords : Motor activity; adult; urban health; healthcare promotion; Colombia.