SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.13 issue5Nasal carriage of Panton Valentine leukocidin-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in healthy preschool childrenPrevalence of periodontal disease and oral hygiene indicators in high school students from Cartagena, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

DAVILA, María E.  and  GIL, Maritza. Oral manifestations and dental caries in children exposed to human immunodeficiency virus. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.5, pp. 833-843. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642011000500012.

Objective Determining oral manifestations and dental caries amongst children exposed to the immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods Thirty-seven (n=37) children attending the Colombian AIDS Control Program (PRONASIDA-Lara) pediatric service were studied. Parents and guardians were informed about the purpose of the study and its confidentiality. An oral examination was conducted by a dentist; parents/guardians were asked about their children's history of oral manifestations and this was corroborated with their clinical charts. Results The mean age was 5.15±3.79; 62.2 % were males. Ninety-eight point eight percent had become vertically infected. Most of the children were classified in the A immune suppression category (35.1 %). The highest percentage (37.8 %) of children were in the 15 %-24 % total CD4+ lymphocyte category. The most prevalent oral manifestations were oral candidiasis, angular cheilitis, linear gingival erythema and parotid enlargement. There was a significant statistical difference between percentages of CD4 lymphocytes and angular qualities (p<0.05). Forty-five point nine percent had dental caries and 54.1 % were in "urgent" need of dental treatment. The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) showed that ¾ of the children needed dental treatment. Conclusions The results of the study led to concluding that there was a need for an oral manifestation management-based strategy focusing on clinical and preventative treatment, as oral manifestations are frequent in children suffering from HIV infection.

Keywords : Children; HIV; oral manifestation; dental caries.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · pdf in Spanish