Print version ISSN 0213-9111
ESPIN, M.I. et al. Invasive pneumococcal disease in children in the region of Murcia, Spain. Gac Sanit [online]. 2002, vol.16, n.5, pp. 385-391. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112002000500004.
Objective: Because of the availability of a conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, the incidence and characteristics of invasive pneumococcal disease in children in the region of Murcia should be determined. This would provide information that could be useful for properly establishing the indications for vaccination. Methods: A retrospective search was conducted for cases of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae in children aged less 15 years old treated in hospitals in Murcia from 1991-2000. The data sources were the databases of the microbiology services, the Minimum Data Set, the Pediatric Admissions Register and the EDO Register. Results: The incidence rate for the period 1996-2000 was 18.25 per 105 children per year for children aged under 1 year in the case of invasive disease (10.6 for meningitis), 13.6 for those under 2 years for invasive disease (6 for meningitis), 8.9 for those under 5 years (1.35 for meningitis) and 3.7 for those under 15 years (1.3 for meningitis). Twenty-eight percent of the patients presented risk factors. Complications occurred in 35.2% and sequelae occurred in 5%. The mortality rate was 11.8%. The prevalent serogroups were 19, 6, 18, 5, 14 and 23. Conclusions: The high percentage of patients with risk factors for invasive pneumococcal disease suggests the need to implement vaccination programs aimed at risk groups. Although the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in the region of Murcia differs from that in other areas, the incidence of meningitis is similar to that reported by other studies. Because of the severity of the disease, cost-effectiveness studies to evaluate the possible incorporation of the vaccine in the vaccination calendar are justified.
Keywords : Invasive pneumococcal disease epidemiology; Conjugate pneumococcal vaccine.