SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.19 issue1Cognitive factors associated with smoking initiation in adolescents author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-MARTOS, Alicia et al. Short-term effectiveness of brief interventions in alcohol-positive traffic casualties. Gac Sanit [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.1, pp.45-49. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112005000100009.

Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of brief interventions to reduce alcohol intake in traffic casualties with a positive blood alcohol concentration. Methods: Nine hundred forty-eight eligible casualties (97.6% of eligible casualties within a universe of 1106) were screened for alcohol and 126 (13.3%) were identified as positive. Interventions were performed in 85, randomly allocated to a minimal intervention (simple advice) or a brief intervention (motivational intervention). Telephone follow-up was scheduled for months 3, 6 and 12. The present study reports the results of follow-up at month 3. Results: Fifty-seven patients (67%) were followed up at month 3. A total of 73.7% had reduced their alcohol intake and this percentage was greater in the group who underwent the brief intervention (p = 0.06; effect size 0.5) and among heavy drinkers (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The data indicate the effectiveness of the brief intervention, although the sample size does not allow definitive conclusions to be drawn.

Keywords : Alcoholic intoxication; Traffic accidents; Brief intervention; Effectiveness.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )