Print version ISSN 0213-9111
TERRY BERRO, Blanca and RODRIGUEZ SALVA, Armando. A primary healthcare strategy in disaster situations. Gac Sanit [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.1, pp.76-79. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112005000100015.
The present article describes the experience of the Cuban Medical Team in the Colombian Coffee Area after the earthquake of January 25, 1999. The interventions were directed at the areas of primary health care, primary environmental care, environmental health, and epidemiological surveillance, bearing in mind the organization of earthquake victims sheltered in emergency settlements in the affected municipality. Active epidemiological surveillance showed that the main causes of morbidity were acute diarrheic diseases, acute respiratory infections, and skin diseases. Evaluation of the settlements showed a correlation between poor environmental health conditions and associated diseases. The results of this field study could serve as a guide for health professionals in the event of disasters and displaced populations.
Keywords : Disasters; Epidemiological surveillance; Temporary settlements; Environmental health; Primary health care.