Print version ISSN 0213-9111
REGIDOR, Enrique et al. Trends in socioeconomic inequalities and self-perceived health in Spain. Gac Sanit [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.3, pp.178-182. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112006000300002.
Objective: To study the evolution of sociaoeconomic inequalities and socioeconomic inequalities in self-perceived health in Spain between from 1987 to 2001. Methods: We estimated the distributions of educational level and per capita provincial income and the differences of less-than-good self-assessed health according education level and per capita provincial in both periods. Results: The percentage of the population that had completed secondary education was greater, and inequality in per capita provincial income was lower, in 2001 than in 1987. In general terms, the differences in suboptimal (less-than-good) self-perceived health by education and by provincial income were greater in 2001 than in 1987, in both absolute and relative terms. However, when the potential within-province correlation in outcomes was taken into account, the differences according provincial income were lower in 1987 than in 2001. Conclusions: The redistribution of socioeconomic resources achieves greater social justice, but probably does not lead to reduced health inequalities in all cases.
Keywords : Health inequialities; Education; Per capital income; Self-perceived health.