Print version ISSN 0213-9111
CANO GARCINUNO, Alfredo; PEREZ GARCIA, Isabel and CASARES ALONSO, Irene. Childhood obesity: pediatricians' attitudes and opinions. Gac Sanit [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.2, pp. 98-104. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112008000200003.
Objectives: To identify the Spanish pediatricians' opinions and attitudes towards obesity, in relation with its treatment, prevention, and care organization, barriers they find in its treatment, and to know the tools they consider more useful to have for the management of obese children. Methods: Mail survey posted to the primary care pediatricians of Castilla-León (Spain) exploring: willingness to act against obesity, utility of therapies and preventive strategies, barriers found in treating obese patients, most needed tools for treating obesity, autoefficacy, and support to an obese children management programme in primary care. Results: There was a broad consensus in seeing obesity as an important health problem that demands action from pediatricians. This willingness to action decreased when bigger personal barriers were found. The most frequently encountered barriers came from the social milieu: easy access and advertisement of certain foods and beverages, lack of implication of parents, lack of perception of a weight problem in children and parents. Training was the most trusted tool. Pediatricians considered themselves as some or low efficacious in treating obesity. The effectiveness of an obese children management program in primary care was surpassed by the work it would need. Conclusions: In spite of their high willingness to act against obesity, pediatricians feel themselves limited because they find barriers mainly from the social and cultural milieus. They ask for training to fight pediatric obesity.
Keywords : Obesity; Child; Cross-sectional studies; Questionnaires; Attitude of health personnel; Physician's practice patterns; Self efficacy.