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Gaceta Sanitaria

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ALBARES TENDERO, Mª Pilar et al. Utilization of dermatology services among the immigrant population. Gac Sanit [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.2, pp.133-136. ISSN 0213-9111.

Objective: To determine the utilization rate of a dermatology service among the immigrant population and compare this rate with that among the autochthonous population. Methods: Over a 1-year period, data on all patients attended in the Dermatology Service of Health Department 19 in the autonomous community of Valencia were prospectively collected. Results: Of 39,160 consultations, 1,625 were made by immigrants (4.1%). Attendance for dermatologic emergencies was greater in immigrants than in the autochthonous population (7.7% vs 3.0%; p < 0.001), while surgical activity was lower in immigrants than in Spanish-born patients (2.6% vs 5%; p < 0.001). Demand for consultation in the immigrant population was 5.7 visits per 100 immigrants, lower than that in the autochthonous population (16.2). The standardized rate ratio was 0.34. North Africans (5.6 per 100 immigrants), East Europeans (4.8), sub-Saharan Africans (5.3) and Asians (4.2) consulted less than Latin Americans (8.5; p<0.001). Conclusions: Demand was lower in the immigrant than in the autochthonous population, and the utilization patters differed according to country.

Keywords : Immigrants; Autochthonous population; Demand; Dermatology.

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