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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

ESCRIBA-AGUIR, Vicenta; ARTAZCOZ, Lucía  and  PEREZ-HOYOS, Santiago. Effect of psychosocial work environment and job satisfaction on burnout syndrome among specialist physicians. Gac Sanit [online]. 2008, vol.22, n.4, pp. 300-308. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112008000400002.

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of burnout syndrome according to medical specialty and to examine the impact of work psychosocial risk factors, job satisfaction and professional characteristics on burnout syndrome among specialist physicians throughout Spain. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1,021 Spanish physicians. The outcome variables were the 3 dimensions of burnout syndrome: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. The explanatory variables were work psychosocial risk factors and job satisfaction evaluated by a stress scale specifically designed for physicians. Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated by logistic regression. Results: The probability of high emotional exhaustion and depersonalization were greater in physicians exposed to a high level of contact with suffering and death and to a negative impact of work on home life. The probability of high emotional exhaustion was greater among physicians with a high work overload. The risk of low personal accomplishment was higher among physicians with low professional satisfaction and those without training activities. Dissatisfaction with relationships with patients and relatives had a negative effect on the 3 dimensions of burnout. Conclusions: Psychosocial work environment and job satisfaction have a negative effect on burnout syndrome, especially on emotional exhaustion and depersonalization.

Keywords : Psychological stress; burnout professional; Doctors.

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