versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111
CERDA, Joan Carles March et al. Parent's positioning towards alcohol consumption in 12 to 17 years old adolescents from six urban areas in Spain. Gac Sanit [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.1, pp. 53-58. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112010000100009.
Objectives: To determine the opinions of urban parents on alcohol drinking in teenagers and their positioning regarding the legal restrictive measures. Material and methods: We performed a qualitative study of six focal groups including 42 mothers and fathers of adolescents from six different Spanish regions and from diverse social strata. The quantitative part of the study consisted of a 1-10 scale questionnaire, measuring parents' acceptance and opinion about legal measures restricting underage drinking. Means and standard deviation were calculated. Results: Parents did not consider adolescent alcohol drinking to be a problem so long as it was moderate and leisure time-related. The social and cultural context was permissive with the alcohol consumption. Alcohol intake depended on both external (social pressure) and internal (family) factors. Fathers' preferred to exercise authority, while mothers preferred communication and education skills. Parents approved of teachers' interventions, especially when based on the student's overall education and not restricted to knowledge transmission. Public institutions and authorities were held responsible for adolescents' lack of information, the scarcity of leisure-time alternatives and for not ensuring compliance with current regulations. Parents approved restrictions regarding the sale and advertising of alcohol. Conclusions: Parents recognize adolescent alcohol drinking as a problem and tend to deal with it. Parents use distinct intervention strategies and generally approve legal measures.
Palabras llave : Alcohol drinking; Adolescent behavior; Parents.