Print version ISSN 0213-9111
ESCRIBANO HERNANDEZ, Alfonso et al. Dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk in the adult population of Castile-Leon (Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.4, pp. 282-287. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112010000400004.
Objective: Hypercholesterolemia is one of the cardiovascular risk factors more sensitive to preventive and control interventions. This study aims to determine the epidemiological pattern of dyslipidemic people in Castilla y Leon. Methods: A representative stratified two-stage sample of the population resident in Castilla y León (Spain) was obtained. A total of 4,013 people age 15 years and older were interviewed. Cardiovascular disease related variables were gathered from clinical records and medical examination. Total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c, and triglycerides were measured. Results: Total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c and triglycerides increase with age and, all but total cholesterol present gender differences. LDL-c and triglycerides are higher in men than in women under the age of 60, and lower from that age on, while HDL-c is always higher in women. Total cholesterol was >250mg/dl in 14.6% of the sample and >200mg/dl in the 56.3%. Only 49.6% of people with total cholesterol >250mg/dl had been diagnosed and only 15.2% were under treatment. Age-adjusted total cholesterol was positively correlated with all cardiovascular risk factors. Furthermore, over 70% of the population presented, at least, one cardiovascular risk factor. Conclusions: The results above shows high levels of total cholesterol and LDL-c, low levels of HDL-c in males and the under diagnosis in clinical records. The association between hypercholesterolemia and other cardiovascular risk factors is similar to previous studies.
Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases; Epidemiology; Risk assessment; Dyslipidemia.