SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.24 issue4Classification of illicit drug-induced deaths in Spain: Toward the adoption of the European standard criteriaTrihalomethane and haloacetic acid concentrations in drinking water and their estimated intake during pregnancy in the INMA cohort (Guipúzcoa, Spain) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

APINANIZ, Antxon et al. Population-based cross sectional study about vaccine acceptability and perception of the severity of A/H1N1 influenza: Opinion of the general population and health professionals. Gac Sanit [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.4, pp. 314-320. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112010000400009.

Objectives: To determine the intention of general population and health professionals to vaccinate against the H1N1 influenza A virus. To determine the perception of severity of the H1N1 influenza A in both groups compared to that of seasonal influenza. Methods: Cross-sectional telephone survey performed to a sample of population (obtained randomly from the Vitoria-Gasteiz telephone directory) and cross-sectional electronically-administered survey to a sample of health professionals from public health centres in Vitoria-Gasteiz, conducted between 6th and 16th November 2009. The relative and absolute frecuency of persons willing to be vaccinated and the proportion of those considering the H1N1 influenza A as a life-threatening risk were calculated in both groups. Results: 219 (33%) persons out of 637 contacted telephone numbers answered the questionnaire, as well as 109 health professionals. 63.0% (n=138) of general population and 73.4% (n=80) of the professional group would not undergo vaccination, even if it was for free (p=0.595). If belonging to a high-risk group, the corresponding proportions of unwillingness were 14.6% (n=32) for general population and 40.4 (n=44) for professionals (p<0.001). The proportion of undecided persons is 25.6% (n=56) in general population, against 6.4% (n=7) among the professionals. Conclusions: At the beginning of the vaccination campaign, the majority of population is unwilling to undergo immunization against the H1N1 influenza A virus. The proportion in general population is similar to that among the health professionals. However, when belonging to a high-risk group, there is a high proportion of undecided persons in general population.

Keywords : Vaccines; Influenza A virus; Health personnel; Population.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · pdf in Spanish