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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

ALVARADO, Sergio A.; SILVA, Claudio S.  and  CACERES, Dante D.. Modeling critical episodes of air pollution by PM10 in Santiago, Chile: comparison of the predictive efficiency of parametric and non-parametric statistical models. Gac Sanit [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.6, pp. 466-472. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112010000600006.

Objective: To evaluate the predictive efficiency of two statistical models (one parametric and the other non-parametric) to predict critical episodes of air pollution exceeding daily air quality standards in Santiago, Chile by using the next day PM10 maximum 24h value. Accurate prediction of such episodes would allow restrictive measures to be applied by health authorities to reduce their seriousness and protect the community's health. Methods: We used the PM10 concentrations registered by a station of the Air Quality Monitoring Network (152 daily observations of 14 variables) and meteorological information gathered from 2001 to 2004. To construct predictive models, we fitted a parametric Gamma model using STATA v11 software and a non-parametric MARS model by using a demo version of Salford-Systems. Results: Both models showed a high correlation between observed and predicted values. However, the Gamma model predicted PM10 values below 240µg/m3 more accurately than did MARS. The latter was more efficient in predicting PM10 values above 240µg/m3 throughout the study period. Conclusion: MARS models are more efficient in predicting extreme PM10 values and allow health authorities to adopt preventive methods to reduce the effects of these levels on the population's health. The reason for this greater accuracy may be that MARS models correct variations in the series over time, thus better fitting the curve associated with PM10 concentrations.

Keywords : Air pollution; Extreme concentrations; Gamma models; MARS models.

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