Print version ISSN 0213-9111
PUEYO, María Jesús et al. Importance of chronic musculoskeletal problems in the population of Catalonia (Spain): prevalence and effect on self-perceived health, activity restriction and use of health services. Gac Sanit [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.1, pp. 30-36. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112012000100006.
Objective: To determine the importance of chronic musculoskeletal problems in the adult population of Catalonia (Spain) and their effect on self-perceived health, activity restriction and use of health services. Methods: A population-based survey of 15,926 adults was performed. Multistage stratified sampling was performed. The variables gathered were sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported chronic health problems, self-perceived health, activity restriction and use of health services. Musculoskeletal problems were grouped into four categories: osteoarthritis-arthritis or rheumatism (OA), chronic dorsal or lumbar pain (LBP), chronic cervical pain (UBP), and osteoporosis. Results: Chronic health problems were reported by 77.4% of the adult population. The most frequent health problem was LBP, followed by UBP and OA. After adjustment by age was performed, female sex increased the risk of reporting OA, LBP, UBP and osteoporosis (OR=2.6, 1.5, 2.3, and 5.3, respectively). The prevalence increased with greater age and with lower socioeconomic status. After adjustment was performed by age, sex, social class and obesity, self-perceived health was worse in people with these problems (42.7% vs 11%). The four categories were the main causes of activity restriction in the last year (OR 2.70) and the last 15 days (OR=2.32) and were associated with a higher use of health services. Conclusiones: Los problemas reumáticos son los principales problemas de salud crónicos declarados por la población adulta. La prevalencia es mayor es las mujeres, aumenta con la edad y en las clases desfavorecidas. Hay una asociación significativa entre declarar problemas musculoesqueléticos y salud autopercibida mala o regular, y mayor restricción de actividades y uso de servicios sanitarios.
Keywords : Rheumatic diseases; Musculoskeletal diseases; Epidemiology; Self-perceived health; Health services use; Survey.