Print version ISSN 0213-9111
BEJAR, Luis M.; GILI, Miguel; INFANTES, Beatriz and MARCOTT, Pamela F.. Incidence of colorectal cancer and influence of dietary habits in fifteen European countries from 1971 to 2002. Gac Sanit [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.1, pp. 69-73. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112012000100012.
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the incidence of colorectal cancer in 15 European countries in recent decades and the relationship between the incidence found and changes in dietary habits. Methods: Pearson's or Spearman's correlation coefficients were calculated by comparing incidence rates obtained from the International Agency for Research on Cancer for 1971-2002 with data on per capita consumption obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations using 10-year delay intervals. Results: Incidence rates increased in all countries except France in men and except Austria, Denmark, England and France in women. Of the dietary variables considered, there were marked increasing trends (linear regression coefficient, R >0.5) in red meat consumption in Germany (R = 0.9), Austria (R = 0.7), Finland (R = 0.8), Italy (R = 0.9), Poland (R = 0.5), Spain (R = 2.1), Sweden (R = 0.6), and the Netherlands (R = 0.7). Conclusions: Changes in dietary habits may be consistent with the observed trends in the incidence of colorectal cancer in the distinct European countries.
Keywords : Colorectal neoplasms; Incidence; Epidemiology; Diet; Alcohol drinking.