Print version ISSN 0213-9111
AGUSTI, Cristina et al. Comprehensive care program for sexual violence victims in Escuintla, Guatemala. Gac Sanit [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.4, pp. 376-378. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.12.014.
We implemented a comprehensive care program for sexual violence victims in six municipalities of Escuintla. Sexual violence victims received both medical and psychological care. Clinical and epidemiological information relevant to the sexual violence event was collected. Samples were taken for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV, and pregnancy testing. In two years, 164 sexual violence victims were attended: 111 (67.6%) were under 18 years old, 91 (64.5%) were females and 20 (86.9%) were males, and the mean age was 12 and 8.3 years, respectively. The most frequently reported type of sexual violence was vaginal and/or anal penetration in 69.9% of cases. In 30.5% of cases the assailant was a stranger. We identified 11 cases of STIs. The project was able to influence national policy through active participation in the development of a national protocol for the care of sexual violence victims. Activities to promote gender equity and child protection should be intensified.
Keywords : Sexual violence; Sexually transmitted infections (STIs); HIV; Guatemala.