Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0864-3466
GALLARDO PEREZ, Ulises de Jesús; SEUC JO, Armando H.; ZANGRONIS RUANO, Leonardo and CHIRINO CARRENO, Nelson. Mortality and burden of premature deaths from phlebitis and thrombophlebitis in Cuba in the years 2000 and 2005. Rev. cub. salud pública [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.3, pp. 1-08. ISSN 0864-3466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0864-34662008000300006.
Introduction: Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities is one of the basic causes of death from peripheral vascular diseases and one of the main reasons for admission to the Angiology Services throughout the country. Objectives: To identify mortality rates and burden of premature deaths from phlebitis and thrombophlebitis occurred in the Cuban population. Méthods: A retrospective descriptive study of mortality from phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of lower extremities in Cuba in the years 2000 and 2005 was conducted, taking data from the National Division of Statistics as a basis. Gross and specific mortality rates by sex and age, and the rate of potential lost years of life caused by premature deaths by sex and province were estimated. Results: The highest mortality rate and potential lost years of life rate were found in the over 60 years-old group and the female sex in the year 2005. The burden of premature deaths increased in Ciego de Avila, Camaguey, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Santiago de Cuba, Pínar del Río, Matanzas, Isla de la Juventud and Ciudad de la Habana provinces. Conclusions: These results provide a broader overview of the impact of venous thrombosis on the lower limbs according to the national mortality patterns. The burden of premature deaths is another element for the planning and implementation of health policies related to venous diseases in the lower extremities.
Keywords : Mortality; burden of premature deaths; phlebitis and thrombophlebitis; Epidemiology; Cuba.