Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0864-3466
NORIEGA BRAVO, Vivian et al. Organizational situation of Vector Control Groups in the City of Havana. Rev. cub. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.2. ISSN 0864-3466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0864-34662009000200018.
Introduction An operational research was made in October, 1996 that quickly offered useful information for decision-making on the work carried out to eradicate Aedes aegypti. Objectives To characterize the organizational situation of Vector Control Groups in the City of Havana province and identify those factors that hinder its work. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study that uses an intentional sample of 278 workers of various occupational categories from 15 health areas that have been previously selected on the basis of stratification by qualitative criteria. Fifty seven directors were also included. Variables such as length of time performing this activity and others related to the objective of the organization; organizational structure, training, relationship between workers and higher rank staff (heads) within and outside the sector, supporting mechanisms, use and ways of acknowledgement, working conditions and resources were examined. Additionally, the organizational environment based on 16 criteria in dimensions, i.e., leadership, motivation, reciprocity and participation. Quantitative and qualitative techniques were used like survey, in-depth interview, and focal groups. Obtained information was triangled. Results The main results were the poor selection of the staff and short length of time in the activity; low integration of workers to the Basic Health Team non-inherent to the organizational structure, inappropriate working standards that facilitate fraud, deficiencies found in the supporting, stimulation and acknowledgement mechanisms, thus discouraging workers, management methods that make it difficult to communicate each others, and inter-personal relations; management methods with low participation. Conclusions Many diverse organizational problems were found. They unfavorably influence the working environment, and consequently restrict the work dynamics of the studied group.
Keywords : Organizational situation; organization elements; organizational climate; vector control groups.