Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0864-3466
DOMINGUEZ ALONSO, Emma; SEUC JO, Armando and GALAN, Yaima. Healthy years of life lost due to lung cancer in Cuba in selected years. Rev. cub. salud pública [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.4, pp. 428-441. ISSN 0864-3466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0864-34662011000400007.
Objectives To identify differences in the integral burden (combined mortality and morbidity) associated to lung cancer between sexes and among provinces, and to describe the evolution in 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002. Methods The Potential Years of Life Lost due to mortality were calculated on the basis of estimated Life Expectancy for quinquennial groups of age. The Potential Years of Life Lost were calculated per death as an average. The Potential Years of Life Lost due to morbidity were estimated on the basis of severity, incidence and average duration. Results The rate of potential years of life lost due to premature mortality increased for both sexes in the 1990-2002 period; it was 6.07 to 7.45 per 1 000 inhabitants in males and 2.52 to 4.21 per 1 000 inhabitants in females. The provinces with the highest rates for males in 1990 and 2002 were Ciudad de La Habana, Matanzas, La Habana and Isla de la Juventus whereas the highest rates for females were found in Pinar del Río, Villa Clara, Ciudad de La Habana, Isla de la Juventud and Ciego de Avila provinces in the same years. There was found an increase in the rate of Potential Years of Life Lost due to morbidity for both sexes from 1990 to 2002; it was 0.42 to 0.52 and 0.19 to 0.28 per 1 000 inhabitants in males and females respectively. The rate of Disability Adjusted Years of Life also showed unfavourable evolution in both sexes. The highest figures were seen in La Habana, Ciudad de La Habana and Villa Clara for both sexes. The males were more affected in terms of mortality and morbidity. Conclusions The impact of lung cancer in healthy years of life lost had unfavourable evolution in Cuba in the selected years of the 1990-2002 period.
Keywords : Potential Years of Life Lost; Disability Adjusted Years of Life; mortality; morbidity; lung cancer.