Revista Cubana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0864-3466
AGUILAR HERNANDEZ, Idalberto; LOURO BERNAL, Isabel and PERERA MILIAN, Leidis Sandra. Implementation of the Prevention and Control Program of Suicidal Behaviours in Nueva Paz municipality. Rev. cub. salud pública [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp. 74-83. ISSN 0864-3466. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0864-34662012000100008.
Introduction: suicide is one of the 10 first causes of death worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that at least one thousand and one hundred ten (1 110) people commit suicide every day and other hundreds of thousands attempted suicide, regardless of geography, culture, religion and race, and this organization also alerts to the increase of suicidal rates as a growing trend in the young population. Objective: to assess the implementation of the program of prevention and control of suicidal behavior in Nueva Paz municipality in 2010. Methods: cross-sectional and descriptive study. A group of 65 health workers administered questionnaires, interviews, observational guides and knowledge exploration guides about the Program. Criteria, indicators and standards for the evaluation of structure, process and outcome variables were set. Results: suicide was the 7th cause of death in the municipality and the attempted suicides had an incidence on the females and on the 60 years and over group and on the 10-19 years-old group. Neither the community center of mental health nor the mental health teams worked properly. Training activities on the program were not carried out and the knowledge for its implementation was really poor. The compulsory notification disease cards lacked good quality and the flow of information was inadequate. The classification of patients was deficient due to low quality of the first doctor's consultation, the non compliance with inter-consultation schedules and the irregular visits paid to the patients' houses Conclusions: the problems found in the structure and in the process led to the negative evaluation of the implementation of the program of suicidal behavior prevention and control in Nueva Paz municipality.
Keywords : National Program of Prevention and Control of suicidal behavior; primary health care.