Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
REZENDE, Carlos Henrique A. de; COSTA-CRUZ, Julia Maria and GENNARI-CARDOSO, Margareth L.. Enteroparasitoses in food handlers in public schools. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 1997, vol.2, n.6, pp.392-397. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49891997001200004.
A prospective study based on a parasitologic survey was carried out with a view toward controlling enteroparasitoses in food handlers who work in public primary schools in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The study subjects were 264 individuals from 57 schools, from whom three fecal samples (C) were collected: C1 in September 1989, C2 in April 1990, and C3 in September 1990. The participants were predominantly female (259 women and 5 men) and ranged in age from 20 to 66 years. A total of 792 samples were preserved in 10% formalin and analyzed using the method of Hoffman, Pons, and Janer. Intestinal parasites were found in 17%, 10%, and 10% of the C1, C2, and C3 samples, respectively. The following organisms were found in C1: Giardia lamblia (8%), ancylostomids (6%), Ascaris lumbricoides (3%), Entamoeba histolytica (2%), Strongyloides stercoralis, Hymenolepis nana, Taenia sp., and Trichuris trichiura (less than 1% each). Parasites found in C2 were: ancylostomids (5%), G. lamblia (2%), A. lumbricoides (1%), S. stercoralis, H. nana, Taenia sp., and Enterobius vermicularis (less than 1% each). In C3, the parasites observed were: ancylostomids (5%), G. lamblia (3%), A. lumbricoides (2%), S. stercoralis, and E. vermicularis (less than 1% each). After each collection, the individuals found to be infected received specific treatment. The authors recommend the establishment of epidemiologic surveillance through periodic parasitologic exams, specific treatment, and training on hygienic food handling and personal hygiene for all food handlers.