Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
BARATA, Rita Barradas. Technologic organization of malaria control in São Paulo, Brazil, 19301990. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 1998, vol.3, n.2, pp. 102-110. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49891998000200006.
Since the 1970s, when the world seemed on the threshold of malaria eradication, the incidence of the disease has increased in several countries. The upturn in cases raised a series of questions, and for some time malariologists and public health authorities scarcely understood what was happening. In an attempt to better comprehend the process, this article reviews the frequency of malaria cases in São Paulo, Brazil, between 1930 and 1990, examining the following factors in each of three 20-year time periods: the importance of malaria in the society, the conditions under which the disease occurred, the epidemiologic knowledge of the time, the technical instruments available to fight it, and the control strategies that were used. Through the construction of technological models based on these factors, it became clear that the occurrence of the disease, knowledge about it, and, consequently, the ways it was dealt with changed over time. In light of this research, the article discusses current options for the control of malaria.