Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
BRUST CARMONA, Héctor et al. Efficiency of oxidant gas generator cells powered by electricity or solar energy. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 1998, vol.3, n.2, pp. 111-116. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49891998000200007.
Diseases caused by microbial contaminants in drinking water continue to be a serious problem in countries like Mexico. Chlorination, using chlorine gas or chlorine compounds, is one of the best ways to treat drinking water. However, difficulties in handling chlorine gas and the inefficiency of hypochlorite solution dosing systems¾due to sociopolitical, economic, and cultural factors¾have reduced the utility of these chlorination procedures, especially in far-flung and inaccessible rural communities. These problems led to the development of appropriate technologies for the disinfection of water by means of the on-site generation of mixed oxidant gases (chlorine and ozone). This system, called MOGGOD, operates through the electrolysis of a common salt solution. Simulated system evaluation using a hydraulic model allowed partial and total costs to be calculated. When powered by electrical energy from the community power grid, the system had an efficiency of 90%, and in 10 hours it was able to generate enough gases to disinfect about 200 m3 of water at a cost of approximately N$ 8 (US$ 1.30). When the electrolytic cell was run on energy supplied through a photoelectric cell, the investment costs were higher. A system fed by photovoltaic cells could be justified in isolated communities that lack electricity but have a gravity-fed water distribution system.