Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989
MARTENS, W. J. M.; SLOOFF, R. and JACKSON, E. K.. Climate change, human health, and sustainable development. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 1998, vol.4, n.2, pp.100-105. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49891998000800005.
Human-induced climate change threatens ecosystems and human health on a global scale. In order to withstand the worldwide threats to ecosystems, the concept of sustainable development was introduced during the 1980s. Since then, this concept has been widely applied to guide and focus policy-making. The present article reviews the health consequences of human-induced climate change on sustainable development, particularly the potential impact of such change on food supply, natural disasters, infectious diseases, ecosystems, and sea level rise. Discussed is an integrated model containing the key indicators of sustainable development. The relevance of climate change, human health, and sustainable development for international climate change policy is also examined.