Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
URRESTARAZU, María I. et al. Etiological, clinical, and sociodemographic characteristics of acute diarrhea in Venezuela. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 1999, vol.6, n.3, pp.149-156. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49891999000800001.
In four cities of Venezuela a study was carried out to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical, and etiological characteristics of acute diarrhea in children under 5 years of age. The study was done between June 1993 and May 1995 and involved children who were seen in a hospital, 2 552 with diarrhea and 793 controls. The Fisher exact test was used for the statistical analysis of the results. Rotaviruses were the most important agents, both in terms of their frequency (30%) and their association with dehydration (58%). Following in importance were Campylobacter spp. (13%) and Escherichia coli classical O serogroups (9%), but their association with diarrhea was only statistically significant among children less than 3 months old, a fact that is particularly important from the standpoint of treatment. The importance of age was confirmed as a determining factor in the prevalence and severity of diarrhea.