Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
CORREA, Adriana Katia et al. Health care reform and changes in nursing practice in philanthropic hospitals in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2000, vol.8, n.3, pp. 202-208. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892000000800008.
This paper describes part of a multicenter study sponsored by the Pan American Health Organization to assess health care reforms and their implications for nursing in several countries. The objective of this research was to learn the views of nurses working in philanthropic hospitals in Ribeirão Preto, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, regarding the changes in nursing practice coming from Brazil's health care reform and implementation of the Unified Health System (UHS). Data were obtained through structured interviews with seven nurses who met the selection criteria, from the three philanthropic hospitals in Ribeirão Preto. The nurses reported a decline in the quality of care and in the number of beds for UHS patients. The nurses reported that UHS implementation initially led to infrastructure improvements in the philanthropic hospitals. However, the reforms eventually shifted toward improving the care of private and privately insured patients. In addition, the nurses emphasized their heavy work loads and low pay. The nurses' reports indicated that Brazil's UHS is going through a crisis. In general, the nurses linked this crisis to problems in funding and allocation of resources.