Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989
Public health action plan to combat antimicrobial resistance. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2001, vol.9, n.2, pp.123-127. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892001000200013.
Antimicrobial resistance constitutes a growing threat to everyone, regardless of age, sex, or socioeconomic status. The problem could end up reversing the dramatic reduction in morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases that was achieved with these drugs over the last half century. Although it is impossible to end the problem of antimicrobial resistance, it is possible to make it manageable. To reach this goal, there is a need to improve the monitoring of emerging resistance problems, to extend the useful life of antimicrobials, to develop new drugs, and to apply other measures to prevent and control resistance such as improved vaccines and better methods to diagnose and control infections. In spite of the urgency of the problem, meeting these objectives has not been easy, and the achievements so far have fallen short. Given this situation, in 1999 several agencies of the Government of the United States of America formed a special task force to prepare a public health action plan on antimicrobial resistance. The plan is intended to reflect a broad consensus within the United States Government concerning how to address the resistance problem, with cooperation from the private sector and the broader society. This document is the first of two parts of that action plan, and it is devoted to the resistance problem in the United States. The document describes the plan's objectives and action steps in four primary areas: surveillance, prevention and control, research, and product development.
Keywords : Antimicrobianos; resistencia a los antimicrobianos; vigilancia; prevención; investigación.