Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
GUILHERME, Ana Lucia Falavigna et al. Secondary triatomine species in dwellings and other nearby structures in municipalities under epidemiological surveillance in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2001, vol.9, n.6, pp. 385-392. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892001000600005.
Objective. Since data are scarce regarding secondary triatomine species in the Brazilian state of Paraná, this study investigated infestations in inhabited and abandoned houses and in various other nearby structures in rural areas of that state. Methods. Triatomines were manually captured in inhabited and uninhabited houses and other nearby structures in nine areas (eight municipalities and one district) of Paraná from June 1996 to February 2000. Testing for Trypanosoma cruzi infection was performed, as were also precipitin tests to determine the triatomines' food sources. Results. While Triatoma infestans was not found in any of the nine areas of Paraná that were studied, three secondary triatomine species were detected: Triatoma sordida, Panstrongylus megistus, and Rhodnius neglectus. T. sordida was the most common species found, comprising 575 of the 658 triatomines captured (87.4%). The second-most common was P. megistus, with 82 specimens (12.5%). Of the various categories of structures investigated, uninhabited houses was the most frequently infested category (19/62, or 30.6%), followed by chicken coops (24/350, or 6.9%). The primary food source of the triatomines was the blood of birds. Nevertheless, in the municipality with the highest density of triatomines, the food sources included domestic animals and even humans. We found that 13.4% of the T. sordida and 13.5% of the P. megistus were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Conclusions. These results demonstrate the need to maintain entomological surveillance measures in the studied areas. This is especially important since Brazil and other countries of Latin America have affirmed the need to interrupt the vector-borne transmission of Chagas' disease.
Keywords : Triatominae; Chagas' disease; Brazil; epidemiological surveillance.