Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
GOLDEN, Nancy et al. Congenital rubella syndrome in Haiti. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2002, vol.12, n.4, pp.269-273. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892002001000008.
Objective. To determine if there is an unrecognized problem of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in Haiti, a country without a national rubella immunization program. Methods. During March 2001 and June 2001, screening physicals were conducted on approximately 80 orphans at three orphanages in Haiti that accept disabled children. Children were classified as probable CRS cases based on established clinical criteria. Photo documentation of findings was obtained whenever possible. Results. Six children met the criteria for probable CRS. Using data from surrounding Caribbean countries and from the United States of America prior to rubella immunization, we estimated that there are between 163 and 440 new cases of CRS per year in Haiti. Conclusions. CRS exists in Haiti, but its presence is generally unrecognized. A national rubella immunization policy should be considered.
Keywords : Rubella; congenital rubella syndrome; immunization; cost-benefit analysis; Haiti.