Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989
LOBO, Clarisse Lopes de Castro et al. Neonatal screening for hemoglobinopathies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2003, vol.13, n.2-3, pp.154-159. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892003000200018.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main results obtained in the first 15 months of neonatal screening for sickle cell disease in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from August 2000 to November 2001. METHODS: Starting in August 2000, blood samples began to be collected for sickle cell disease screening from all newborns receiving care in primary health care clinics in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The samples were submitted to high-resolution liquid chromatography. If the resulting chromatogram was compatible with sickle cell disease, the child and the parents were referred for diagnostic confirmation and treatment. RESULTS: Between August 2000 and November 2001, 99 260 newborns were screened. There was one case of homozygous Hb C. On average, one of every 27 newborns who were screened presented sickle cell trait (Hb AS). Sickle cell disease was observed in 83 cases, or one new case in each 1 196 births. The 83 consisted of: 62 Hb S, 18 Hb SC, and 3 Hb SD. One child did not appear for diagnostic confirmation. The 82 children who were followed up by the program presented 15 intercurrent illnesses (upper respiratory infections, fever, splenic sequestration crises, hand-foot syndrome, and vascular occlusion), resulting in seven hospital admissions. Blood transfusions were necessary with 15 children, but none developed alloimmunization. All the other babies were doing well with the use of prophylactic penicillin. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show the importance of early diagnosis for sickle cell disease, so as to prevent the frequent infectious complications faced by these patients.
Keywords : Globinas; genética; anemia hemolítica congênita.