Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
QUADROS, Carlos Alberto Temes de; VICTORA, Cesar Gomes and COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da. Coverage and focus of a cervical cancer prevention program in southern Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2004, vol.16, n.4, pp. 223-232. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892004001000001.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the coverage and focus of cervical cancer screening (Pap smears) in a population-based sample in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional cluster survey covering 1 730 women aged 20 years or older with a history of sexual activity. Information was collected on social, demographic and behavioral variables, knowledge of and use of the Pap test. RESULTS: Of women aged 25-59 years, who are the target population of the national cervical cancer screening program, 78.7% had had at least one Pap test in their lifetime, and 68.8% had had a Pap test in the last 3 years. Statistics for focus of the program showed that of the 637 women who reported having a Pap test in the last year, only 20.6% actually required one. The remainder were either outside the age range or had had another test less than 30 months previously. Prevalence of not having been tested in the previous 3 years was highest among black (41.7%) and low-income women (64.3%), and among those at greatest risk for cervical cancer (62.3% for women with three or more risk factors). Focus was inversely related to socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION: Coverage rates were similar to those reported in other national studies, but this is the first report to examine the focus of the national program. We show that 8 of every 10 Pap tests were not necessary. Coverage levels remain unacceptably low among women of low socioeconomic status and those at greatest risk for cervical cancer.
Keywords : Papanicolaou smear; vaginal smear; physical examination; cross-sectional study; epidemiology.