Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
ARIAS, César F.. Regulating radiological protection and the role of health authorities. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.2-3, pp. 188-197. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892006000800015.
This article summarizes the development of protection against ionizing radiation and explains current thinking in the field. It also looks at the decisive role that regulatory agencies for radiological protection must play and the important contributions that can be made by health authorities. The latter should take an active part in at least three aspects: the formal education of health personnel regarding radiological protection; the medical care of individuals who are accidentally overexposed, and the radiological protection of patients undergoing radiological procedures. To this end, health professionals must possess sufficient knowledge about radiological protection, promote the use of proper equipment, and apply the necessary quality assurance procedures. Through their effective intervention, national health authorities can greatly contribute to reducing unnecessary doses of radiation during medical procedures involving radiation sources and decrease the chances that radiological accidents will take place.
Keywords : radiation; ionizing; radiation protection; radiation control; standards.