Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
GURIAN, Patrick L. et al. Evaluating in-home water purification methods for communities in Texas on the border with Mexico. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.6, pp. 403-406. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892006001100006.
This study evaluated user preferences among three alternative in-home water treatment technologies suitable for households relying on trucked water in El Paso County, Texas, which is on the border with Mexico. The three technologies were: chlorination of household storage tanks, small-scale batch chlorination, and point-of-use ultraviolet disinfection. Fifteen households used each of the three technologies in succession for roughly four weeks each during April through June of 2004. Data were collected on treated water quality, and a face-valid survey was administered orally to assess user satisfaction with the technologies on a variety of attributes. Treatment with a counter-top ultraviolet disinfection system received statistically significantly higher ratings for taste and odor and likelihood of future use than the other two approaches. Ultraviolet disinfection and small-scale batch chlorination both received significantly higher ratings for ease of use than did storage tank chlorination. Over-chlorination was a common problem with both batch chlorination and storage tank chlorination. Water quality in the households using trucked water is now higher than was reported by a previous study, suggesting that water quality has improved over time.
Keywords : Water supply; water purification; consumer satisfaction; Texas; United States.