Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
PASCHE, Dário Frederico; RIGHI, Liane Beatriz; THOME, Henrique Inácio and STOLZ, Eveline Dischkaln. Paradoxes of health decentralization policies in Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2006, vol.20, n.6, pp. 416-422. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892006001100008.
The constitution of Brazil directs that the countrys health system, the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde), be politically and administratively decentralized. Nevertheless, handing over competencies, responsibilities, and resources to subnational levels, especially to municipal governments, has been a slow process, lasting almost two decades. Advances have been brought about by the Unified Health System, which, from a analytical perspective, is a public and universal system. Despite that, the decentralization process needs to overcome norms that keep all levels of management dependent on Brazils federal Government. The subnational levels have consistently faced difficulties in performing their macromanagement functions with autonomy, especially when it comes to financing and to the establishment or organization of health care networks. Boldness and responsibility will be needed to prevent Brazils health decentralization process from leading to fragmentation. New political agreements between different levels of government, with a reassignment of responsibilities and the enhancement of a culture of technical cooperation, are fundamental requisites to making the Unified Health System have a health policy that is truly public and universal.
Keywords : delivery of health care; health care reform; models [organizational]; public health administration; social responsibility; Brazil.