SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.21 issue1Inequalities in health and socioeconomics: an epidemiological undertaking in an urban area of ArgentinaLessons learned from an early intervention violence prevention program in Medellín, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1020-4989

Abstract

DELVA, Jorge; O'MALLEY, Patrick M.  and  JOHNSTON, Lloyd D.. Health-related behaviors and overweight: a study of Latino adolescents in the United States of America. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2007, vol.21, n.1, pp. 11-20. ISSN 1020-4989.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892007000100002.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined, by gender, differences in being overweight among adolescents of Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Latin American heritage who live in the United States of America, and investigated the relationships between these differences and socioeconomic status, health-related behaviors, and family characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study obtained and analyzed data from nationally representative samples of Latino 8th and 10th graders in the Monitoring the Future study from 1991 to 2004 (N = 11 265). RESULTS: A higher proportion of Mexican-American girls were overweight than other Latin American girls, both before and after adjusting for many confounders. For both genders, being overweight was inversely associated with socioeconomic status and frequency of vigorous exercise, and positively associated with the amount of television viewing. No family characteristic variable examined was associated with overweight. CONCLUSIONS: Time spent exercising and time spent watching television are two potentially modifiable risk factors that, if targeted, may result in important reductions in overweight. The findings indicate the need to identify gender- and culturally-appropriate interventions that can increase physical activity and reduce sedentary activities among Latino adolescents, particularly in families of low socioeconomic status.

Keywords : Acculturation; Hispanic Americans; Mexican Americans; overweight; obesity; social class; socioeconomic factors; United States.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · pdf in English