Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
PERES, Maria Fernanda Tourinho et al. Homicide mortality, socioeconomic development, and police violence in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.4, pp. 268-276. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892008000400007.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between police violence and homicide mortality rates taking into consideration the effect of contextual variables. METHODS: This was an environmental, cross-sectional study that included the 96 census districts in the City of São Paulo. The association between the variables was analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation and simple and multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed a strong and significant association between homicide mortality coefficients and all the indicators of socioeconomic development and police violence. After controlling for potential confounding factors, the association between police violence and homicide mortality coefficients remained strong and significant. This significance was lost only after control for the size of the resident population. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that police action that violates basic human rights is not the right answer to urban violence. The combination of homicides from interpersonal violence and deaths from police violence results in negative socialization and promotes further violence.
Keywords : Homicide; human rights abuses; poverty; social inequity; Brazil.