SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.25 issue6Cardiovascular risk profile and health self-evaluation in Brazil: a population-based studyHousehold food insecurity associated with stunting and underweight among preschool children in Antioquia, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989


GALVEZ-BUCCOLLINI, Juan A. et al. Gender differences in sex-related alcohol expectancies in young adults from a peri-urban area in Lima, Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.6, pp.499-505. ISSN 1680-5348.

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effect of sex-related alcohol expectancies (SRAE) on hazardous drinking prevalence and examine gender differences in reporting SRAE. METHODS: Trained research assistants administered part of a questionnaire to 393 men and 400 women between 18 and 30 years old from a peri-urban shantytown in Lima, Peru. The remaining questions were self-administered. Two measuring instruments-one testing for hazardous drinking and one for SRAE-were used. Multivariate data analysis was performed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Based on odds ratios adjusted for socio-demographic variables (age, marital status, education, and employment status) (n = 793), men with one or two SRAE and men with three or more SRAE were 2.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-3.8; p = 0.001) and 3.9 (95% CI = 2.1-7.3; p < 0.001) times more likely than men with no SRAE, respectively, to be hazardous drinkers. Reporting of SRAE was significantly higher in men versus women. CONCLUSION: In a shantytown in Lima, SRAE is associated with hazardous drinking among men, but not among women, and reporting of SRAE differs by gender.

Keywords : Alcoholism; drinking behavior; sexual behavior; Peru.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )