Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
GALVEZ-BUCCOLLINI, Juan A. et al. Gender differences in sex-related alcohol expectancies in young adults from a peri-urban area in Lima, Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.6, pp. 499-505. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892009000600005.
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effect of sex-related alcohol expectancies (SRAE) on hazardous drinking prevalence and examine gender differences in reporting SRAE. METHODS: Trained research assistants administered part of a questionnaire to 393 men and 400 women between 18 and 30 years old from a peri-urban shantytown in Lima, Peru. The remaining questions were self-administered. Two measuring instruments-one testing for hazardous drinking and one for SRAE-were used. Multivariate data analysis was performed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Based on odds ratios adjusted for socio-demographic variables (age, marital status, education, and employment status) (n = 793), men with one or two SRAE and men with three or more SRAE were 2.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-3.8; p = 0.001) and 3.9 (95% CI = 2.1-7.3; p < 0.001) times more likely than men with no SRAE, respectively, to be hazardous drinkers. Reporting of SRAE was significantly higher in men versus women. CONCLUSION: In a shantytown in Lima, SRAE is associated with hazardous drinking among men, but not among women, and reporting of SRAE differs by gender.
Keywords : Alcoholism; drinking behavior; sexual behavior; Peru.