Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
SANTO, Augusto Hasiak. Chagas disease-related mortality trends, state of São Paulo, Brazil, 1985 to 2006: a study using multiple causes of death. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.26, n.4, pp. 299-309. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892009001000003.
OBJECTIVES: To study mortality trends related to Chagas disease taking into account all mentions of this cause listed on any line or part of the death certificate. METHODS: Mortality data for 1985-2006 were obtained from the multiple cause-of-death database maintained by the São Paulo State Data Analysis System (SEADE). Chagas disease was classified as the underlying cause-of-death or as an associated cause-of-death (non-underlying). The total number of times Chagas disease was mentioned on the death certificates was also considered. RESULTS: During this 22-year period, there were 40 002 deaths related to Chagas disease: 34 917 (87.29%) classified as the underlying cause-of-death and 5 085 (12.71%) as an associated cause-of-death. The results show a 56.07% decline in the death rate due to Chagas disease as the underlying cause and a stabilized rate as associated cause. The number of deaths was 44.5% higher among men. The fact that 83.5% of the deaths occurred after 45 years of age reflects a cohort effect. The main causes associated with Chagas disease as the underlying cause-of-death were direct complications due to cardiac involvement, such as conduction disorders, arrhythmias and heart failure. Ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disorders and neoplasms were the main underlying causes when Chagas was an associated cause-of-death. CONCLUSIONS: For the total mentions to Chagas disease, a 51.34% decline in the death rate was observed, whereas the decline in the number of deaths was only 5.91%, being lower among women and showing a shift of deaths to older age brackets. Using the multiple cause-of-death method contributed to the understanding of the natural history of Chagas disease.
Keywords : Chagas disease; multiple causes of death; mortality; automatic data processing; Brazil.