Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
ALBUQUERQUE, Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira et al. Urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.26, n.4, pp. 330-333. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892009001000007.
OBJECTIVES: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in Brazil and appears to occur in epidemic form in the state of Ceará. Few epidemiologic studies have been done on VL in this state. The aim of this study is to establish the epidemiologic pattern of VL in Fortaleza City and to show how urbanization has occurred in recent years. METHODS: Data were obtained from the State Health Department of Fortaleza, Ceará, and included all cases of VL registered in Fortaleza from January 2001 to December 2006. RESULTS: There were a marked increase and an elevated incidence of cases of VL in urban areas. Children and young people were the most affected group. CONCLUSION: The epidemic occurrence of VL in the region must convince authorities to adopt more adequate policies of disease control.
Keywords : Leishmaniasis, visceral; kala-azar; epidemiology; urban zones; Brazil.