Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
SANTACOLOMA VARON, Liliana; CHAVES CORDOBA, Bernardo and BROCHERO, Helena Luisa. Susceptibility of Aedes aegypti to DDT, deltamethrin, and lambda-cyhalothrin in Colombia. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.27, n.1, pp. 66-73. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892010000100010.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the susceptibility status of 13 natural populations of Aedes aegypti (collected from sites in Colombia where dengue is a serious public health problem) to the pyrethroids, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin, and to the organochlorine, DDT, and to identify any biochemical mechanisms associated with resistance. METHODS: Immature forms of the vector were collected from natural breeding spots at each site and then raised under controlled conditions. Using the F2 generation, bioassays were performed using the World Health Organization's 1981 methodology (impregnated paper) and United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 1998 methodology (impregnated bottles). In populations where mortality rates were consistent with decreased susceptibility, levels of nonspecific esterases (NSE), mixed-function oxidases (MFO), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were measured using colorimetric tests. RESULTS: All of the mosquito populations that were tested showed resistance to the organochlorine DDT. In the case of the pyrethroids, widespread resistance to lambda-cyhalothrin was found, but not to deltamethrin. Assessing the biochemical resistance mechanisms showed that 7 of the 11 populations had elevated NSE, and one population, increased MFO. CONCLUSIONS: Physiological cross-resistance between DDT and lambda-cyhalothrin in the A. aegypti populations tested was dismissed. Physiological resistance to lambda-cyhalothrin appears to be associated with increased NSE. The differences in susceptibility levels and enzyme values among the populations were associated with genetic variations and chemicals in use locally.
Keywords : Aedes; DDT; dengue; insecticides; mosquito control; insecticides; organochlorine; insecticide resistance; Colombia.