Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
TALIBERTI, Helena and ZUCCHI, Paola. Direct costs of the dengue fever control and prevention program in 2005 in the City of São Paulo. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.27, n.3, pp. 175-180. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892010000300004.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct costs associated with the control of Aedes aegypti and prevention of dengue fever in the City of São Paulo Dengue Control Program, Brazil, in 2005. METHOD: The following items were considered: human resources, uniforms, field materials, individual protection equipment, spraying equipment, strategic supplies (insecticides and larvicides), and vehicles. The costs associated with laboratory tests for entomological surveillance and dengue fever diagnosis were also calculated, as well as costs relating to information and printed materials for educational campaigns. RESULTS: The total direct costs of the City of São Paulo Dengue Fever Program in 2005 were R$ 21 774 282.82 (US$ 12 486 941.34 considering the dollar/real exchange rate in December 2009). Of this amount, 59.4% were directed to human resources, 38.3% to epidemic control measures, and 2.2% to capital expenditure. The cost per capita was R$ 1.99 in 2005. CONCLUSIONS: The control of dengue fever is essential given the growth of epidemics. Knowledge about the costs of strategies and priority items employed in dengue fever control and prevention programs can guide decision-making regarding the application of budget resources in both the City of São Paulo and Brazil as a whole.
Keywords : Dengue; dengue/prevention and control; health economics; costs and cost analysis; health policy; planning, and management; epidemiologic surveillance; Brazil.