Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989
TORRES, Ulysses dos Santos; ALMEIDA, Thomas Eugenio Portes de and NETINHO, João Gomes. Increasing hospital admission rates and economic burden for colorectal cancer in Brazil, 1996-2008. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.4, pp.244-248. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892010001000002.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in hospital admission rates for colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Brazilian Public Health System from 1996 to 2008 and to assess the economic costs. METHODS: Data from the Hospital Information Systems database of the Brazilian Unified Health System were used for analysis of all admissions with a primary diagnosis of CRC between 1996 and 2008. RESULTS: There were 297 108 CRC admissions over the study period, with an annual increase from 12 821 in 1996 to 35 040 in 2008. Age-standardized admission rates increased from 8.7 to 23.56 per 100 000 for a percentage increase of 171%. The average length of stay decreased from 11.6 days in 1996 to 7.5 days in 2008. The average hospital mortality declined from 10.4% to 8.5%. Overall costs in United States dollars (US$) of CRC hospitalizations rose from US$ 16.5 million in 1996 to US$ 33.5 million in 2008; the average cost of each admission, however, decreased from US$ 1 283 to US$ 954. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalization rates for CRC in Brazil significantly increased during a 13-year period, incurring a considerable rise in the inflation-adjusted economic burden; national in-hospital mortality rates have remained relatively high.
Keywords : Colorectal neoplasms; hospitalization; length of stay; hospital mortality; hospital costs; Brazil.