SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.28 issue6Maternal behavior and experience, care access, and agency as determinants of child diarrhea in BoliviaLocal governance in the decentralized health care system in Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1020-4989

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-SALDANA, Joel et al. Quality of previous diabetes care among patients receiving services at ophthalmology hospitals in Mexico. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.6, pp. 440-445. ISSN 1020-4989.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892010001200005.

OBJECTIVE: To survey a large sample of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Mexico City to determine if patient experience, access to basic services, treatment, and outcomes differed between those with social security coverage and those without. METHODS: From 2001-2007 a total of 1 000 individuals with T2DM were surveyed in outpatient clinics of the three largest public ophthalmology hospitals in Mexico City. Patients reported information about their health status and receipt of basic diabetes services, such as laboratory glycemic monitoring and diabetes education. Rates were compared between those with (n = 461) and without (n = 539) social security. RESULTS: Almost half of the patients (46%) in these public facilities were social security patients that were unable to access other services and had to pay out-of-pocket for care. Half of respondents were originally identified as potentially diabetic based on symptom complaints (51%), including 11% with visual impairment. Most patients (87.9%) reported that their glycemic level was being monitored exclusively via fasting blood glucose testing or random capillary blood glucose tests; only 5.3% reported ever having a glycated hemoglobin test. While nearly all respondents reported an individual physician encounter ever, only 39% reported ever receiving nutrition counseling and only 21% reported attending one or more sessions of diabetes education in their lifetime. Processes of care and outcomes were no different in patients with and those without social security coverage. CONCLUSIONS: In Mexico, the quality of diabetes care is poor. Despite receiving social security, many patients still have to pay out-of-pocket to access needed care. Without policy changes that address these barriers to comprehensive diabetes management, scientific achievements in diagnosis and pharmacotherapy will have limited impact

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus, type 2; diabetes complications; diabetic retinopathy; quality of health care; Mexico.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · pdf in English