Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
MEDINA, Yliana Rojas et al. A road traffic injury surveillance system using combined data sources in Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp. 191-197. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892011000300007.
A national hospital-based nonfatal road traffic injury surveillance system was established at sentinel units across Peru in 2007 under the leadership of the Ministry of Health. Surveillance data are drawn from three different sources (hospital records, police reports, and vehicle insurance reports) and include nonfatal road traffic injuries initially attended at emergency rooms. A single data collection form is used to record information about the injured, event characteristics related to the driver of the vehicle(s), and the vehicle(s). Data are analyzed periodically and disseminated to all surveillance system participants. Results indicated young adult males (15-29 years old) were most affected by nonfatal road traffic injuries and were most often the drivers of the vehicles involved in the collision. Four-wheeled vehicle occupants comprised one-half of cases in most regions of the country, and pedestrians injured in the event accounted for almost another half. The system established in Peru could serve as a model for the use of multiple data sources in national nonfatal road traffic injury surveillance. Based on this study, the challenges of this type of system include sustaining and increasing participation among sentinel units nationwide and identifying appropriate prevention interventions at the local level based on the resulting data.
Keywords : Accidents, traffic; health surveillance; emergency medical services; external causes; Latin America; Peru.