Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
SISA, Iván; ESPINEL, Mauricio; FORNASINI, Marco and MANTILLA, Gonzalo. Scientific output in the health sciences in Ecuador. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.30, n.4, pp. 388-392. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892011001000013.
This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics and trends of health sciences-related studies published in Ecuador from 1999-2009. Its objective is to contribute to the design and implementation of a research and development policy whose work is centered on the country's health priorities. Bibliometric indicators of production applied to publications in health sciences in Ecuador were used for the analysis. The publications were from the LILACS and MEDLINE databases. It was found that 625 articles were published from 1999-2009, primarily in the clinical-surgical areas (60%), followed by epidemiology (17.4%), basic sciences (14.1%), and health systems (8.5%). Only 4.3% and 7.2% of the production in this period was related to the primary causes of morbidity and mortality, respectively. It was found that private institutions generated more health research than public institutions, and hospitals (public, private, and mixed) produced a higher percentage than universities. The analysis showed that there was limited scientific production in health sciences in Ecuador during the study period, with a slight increase in the last two years that may be due in part to greater investment in research and development by the National Secretariat of Science and Technology (SENACYT). Investment increased from 0.20% to 0.44% of gross domestic product between 2006 and 2009.
Keywords : Bibliometrics; biomedical research; health sciences; health priorities; Ecuador.