Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
HOSPEDALES, C. James et al. Raising the priority of chronic noncommunicable diseases in the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.30, n.4, pp. 393-400. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892011001000014.
The Caribbean's long history of cooperation in health now focuses on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), given that Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries have the highest NCD burden in the Americas. The heads of government convened a first in the world one-day summit on NCDs, largely due to advocacy by George Alleyne and others, on the health, social, and economic impact of NCDs; the need for upstream multisectoral interventions to address the common, multifactoral risks; and the need for increased global attention to NCDs. Implementation of the NCD Summit Declaration mandates was most effective in larger countries with greater capacity, but countries of all sizes performed well, when they had regional or global support. Progress was limited in regional approaches to food security, labeling, and elimination of trans fats. Inadequate funding stymied several resource-dependent interventions. Monitoring mechanisms were established, but more concrete goals are needed, especially for actions of nonhealth government agencies.
Keywords : chronic disease; political factors; United Nations; Caribbean region.